How Debt Funds Are Operated And What Are They?


If you know what to look for and what kinds of debt funds to invest in, debt funds can be a terrific investment option. Debt funds aim to provide predictable and low-risk returns superior to comparable options like fixed deposits, making them desirable investment options.

A mutual fund that invests in debt holds a variety of debt securities, including T-Bills, corporate bonds, government securities, and other money market instruments with varying maturities. Debt funds are less risky than equity funds since they are less volatile. Debt mutual funds aim to give investors consistent income and capital preservation. Debt funds come in various forms and classifications to accommodate investors with diverse time horizons and liquidity preferences.

What are debt funds?

Debt funds are mutual funds that place a portion of investors’ money in fixed-interest producing assets, such as corporate and government bonds, debentures, and other money-market instruments. Since debt funds have a lower risk but lower returns than equity funds, they are sometimes seen as safer than the volatility that the equity market delivers. They have varying maturation times and can produce income either when they mature or regularly.

How does the debt fund work?

Debt funds aim to provide predictable and low-risk returns superior to comparable options like fixed deposits, making them desirable investment options.

They can do it because they invest in financial products with fixed rates of return, such as the ones mentioned above.

In contrast to an equity mutual fund scheme, you constantly know roughly how much your mutual fund’s investment in the debt fund of your choice will be worth when it matures.

The debt fund manager decides which debt instruments will be bought and managed under a specific fund. This choice is supported by the market-available debt instruments’ credit risk ratings. An issuer of debt instruments with a favourable credit risk rating is more likely to make interest payments on time and to be able to repay the principal on the whole and schedule.

A higher credit rating indicates a very low probability of payment default. The following ratings have been given to various debt instruments: AAA, AA, A, BBB, BB, B, C, and D.

Who are debt funds meant for?

Debt mutual funds can be the best investment choice for you if you fall into one of the following groups:

  • You are getting started in the world of investing and unsure how to set up an investment aim.
  • You’re trying to find a low-risk, short-term investment.
  • You’re searching for a financial product that offers a higher return than a savings account or a fixed deposit.
  • You want to put your money into fixed-income securities with a fixed interest rate and regular interest payments.
  • You have a reliable source of income and are searching for additional monthly income.

Factors Considered Before Investing in Debt Funds

Risks involved: The investor must be aware of three main categories of risks: credit risk, interest rate risk, and liquidity risk. Before deciding to invest in debt funds, investors must assess the risks. Investors can determine their risk tolerance and start investing appropriately by understanding the types of hazards involved.

Historical returns of different debt fund types: To reduce risk, it is crucial to examine previous records of the fund’s performance and returns. This is one of the most important things to consider while investing in these funds. Deciding can be significantly aided by looking at trends and examining each fund’s returns over time.

Taxation: Short-term capital gains are those made when an investor keeps onto a unit of a specific plan for up to three years (STCG). On the other hand, long-term capital gains (LTCG) are taxed at 20% with indexation advantages if held for longer than three years.

Other factors: Before choosing to invest in a debt fund, it is crucial to consider several different aspects, including the risk tolerance of the investor, their investment goal or target, their investment capacity, their financial situation, etc.

Bottom Line

Debt funds make good investment vehicles even if they include some risks and aren’t entirely risk-free. Care and caution are used when selecting the correct debt fund. Debt funds also offer many advantages, including ease, consistent income, and high liquidity. Debt funds also provide the three-year indexation benefit, which results in more tax-efficient investments.

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