Income Tax Benefits on different investments under Section – 80C, 80D, and more


Achieving financial stability is a shared aspiration for individuals, that demands thoughtful planning and a well-diversified portfolio. Various investment avenues, including life insurance coverage, savings plans, fixed deposits, and more, contribute to this endeavour. The Government of India recognizes the significance of such investments and extends its support through various tax benefits, aiming to enhance the financial well-being of every individual. Additionally, the government encourages contributions to charitable causes and medical initiatives. Being informed about potential tax deductions is crucial, making tax-saving investments is an integral part of sound financial planning. Let’s delve into the specifics of tax-saving under Sections 80C, 80D, and 80G for a comprehensive understanding.

Section 80 Deductions List

Section 80C of the Income Tax Act is a preferred avenue for tax-saving, allowing individuals and HUFs to claim deductions of up to ₹1,50,000 from their total gross income. Eligible investments include:

  • Life Insurance Premiums: Payments towards life insurance policies offer tax deductions. These policies not only provide protection but also serve as savings and investment instruments.
  • Sukanya Samriddhi Yojana: A savings scheme for the girl child that qualifies for deduction.
  • Equity Linked Savings Scheme (ELSS): A mutual fund with a mandatory lock-in period, offering market-linked returns with tax benefits.
  • Other Investments: Public Provident Fund (PPF), Bank Deposits, National Savings Certificate, Senior Citizen Savings Scheme, and Fixed Deposits with a five-year lock-in period are eligible for deductions.
  • Stamp Duty and Registration Expenses: Expenses related to stamp duty and property registration, after obtaining complete ownership, are deductible.
  • Home Loan Repayment: Amounts paid towards repaying home loans become eligible for deductions upon construction or purchase completion.

Subsections of Section 80C include provisions for pension plans, government-based pension schemes, long-term government infrastructure bonds, and investments in government-approved equity savings schemes.

Section 80D: Securing Health and Savings

Purchasing a health insurance policy not only safeguards against medical emergencies but also offers tax benefits under Section 80D. Individuals and HUFs can claim deductions for medical insurance premiums paid for themselves, spouses, dependent children, and parents. This deduction is over and above the claims made under Section 80C.

Qualifying payments for deduction under Section 80D include medical insurance premiums, expenses on preventive health check-ups, medical expenses for the treatment of uncovered senior citizens, and contributions to the Central government health scheme. The deduction limit is ₹25,000 for individuals and ₹50,000 for senior citizens.

Section 80G: Giving Back to Society

Section 80G provides tax deductions to individuals, companies, and firms making contributions to specified funds for societal benefits. Donations to funds like the Prime Minister’s National Relief Fund, National Defence Fund, and medical relief funds enjoy a 100% deduction without a qualifying limit.

Some donations, eligible for a 50% deduction without a qualifying limit, include contributions to the Prime Minister’s Drought Relief Fund and Jawaharlal Nehru Memorial Fund.

Section 80GGA, a subsection of Section 80G, provides tax deductions for donations related to scientific research or development initiatives for rural areas.


Understanding tax benefits under Sections 80C, 80D, and 80G is crucial for informed financial planning. Section 80C stands out as a versatile option for investments, while Sections 80D and 80G cater to health and charitable contributions, respectively. Utilize these tax-saving options effectively while filing your Income Tax Return for a more secure financial future.

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